“Hiroshima Castle” is one castle that was given an award for Japan’s Top 100 Castles, and is definitely worth seeing if you are into history!

Hirshima Castle was chosen as one of Japan’s Top 100 Castles (2006) and is a very historical castle. It’s grounds, the Hiroshima Joshi Koen Park is very large, and the Dai-tenshu (destroyed by the atomic bomb) is open as a history museum.

Tenshukaku


【 CONTENTS 】

The memorial for the General Imperial Headquarters

The bridge at the entrance

The history of Hiroshima Castle, as a center for the military

Hiroshima Castle is said to have been established in 1599. Before that, Takeda governed it for the defense of Aki Province, but was killed by Mouri Motonari during the Sengoku period. After defeating the Sue in the battle of Itsukushima, Hiroshima was governed by Mouri. The Dai-tenshu built by Mouri Terumoto was registered as national treasure in 1931. It was bombed in 1945 and completely destroyed, because Hiroshima Castle was the headquarters for the military. It was even considered the General Imperial Headquarters, the highest organization of the Japanese military at the time.

The Tenshukaku Castle Ruins

Exhibitions

Learn the samurai culture at the history exhibition through the reproduction of Tenshukaku!

Even though it was destroyed, the castle ruins were designated as a historic area in 1953. That opportunity fostered the rebuilding of the castle, and it’s exterior was reproduced in 1958. In 1989 when the castle became 400 years old, the interior was also rebuilt as a history museum with a samurai culture theme. You can learn about the long history of samurai culture that thrived in Hiroshima. Both the model of Hiroshima castle and the booth where you can try on old Samurai clothing are popular. The more you know about Hiroshima Castle, the more it becomes fun. There are lots of English books about Hiroshima Castle, so please read some in advance, so that you can enjoy it a little more.

Stone walls

Ninomaru

# Find a variety of “fighting holes” at Ninomaru!
You’ll notice some square or triangular fighting holes in Ninomaru. These are called Sama or Arrow slit, and are used to to attack the enemy with firearms and bow and arrows. The outer fighting hole is small to divert the enemy’s attack. It’s fun to get to know the military strategy of the time. If you look at the outside from a fighting hole, you can see the same scenery the soldiers saw of Hiroshima as the time.

The beautiful tenshukaku and wall.

Map

21-1Motomachi, Naka Ward, Hiroshima, Hiroshima Prefecture 730-0011

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AUTHOR

Wasabi

Wasabi

Writer / Translator

I’m a freelance translator from Tokyo who likes to travel right in the middle of the unpredictables in life. Through the translation of articles I hope to create points of contact between Japan and the rest of the world. As a writer, I want to add information that isn’t in the guide book, from a “wasabi” perspective!

Website

Information

Address 21-1Motomachi, Naka Ward, Hiroshima, Hiroshima Prefecture 730-0011
Hours 9:00 to 18:00 (From December to Feburuary, open until 17:00 on weekdays. Last entry is 16:30.)
Access Car: 15 min from Sanin Road Hiroshima IC Public transport: 10 min by bus or streetcar from JR Hiroshima station. 15 min walk from “Kamiyacho”stop.
Phone 082-221-7512
Website http://www.rijo-castle.jp/rijo/main.html