- Greet in the New Year! Customs for January
- The Japanese New Year’s dish, “Nanakusagayu.”
- The Japanese manner of “お辞儀” (Ojigi: The Bow)
- The ‘Nengajo’ Postcard: a heartwarming tradition of the Japanese New Year
- “Toshi-no-ichi Hagoita-ichi,” an end of the year event that presents an array of Tokyo traditional craft items
- Make a wish to the stars! Enjoy the Tanabata festival at“Kanda-myojin Shrine”, where the God of matchmaking is enshrined! July 7th
- “Hina Matsuri,” a doll festival for girls that prays for health and happiness
- Let’s change your wardrobe on October 1st!
- “Obon” is a regular midsummer event for families to welcome and hold a memorial service for the spirits of their ancestors.
- “Otsukimi,” appreciate and pray to the beautiful moon in autumn for a good harvest.
- Eating “Toshikoshi Soba Noodles” on December 31st will give you good fortune?
- “Otoshidama” is the New Year’s gift that kids can’t wait for!
- “Joya no Kane,” the bells that ring out the old year and purify people’s hearts on the last night of the year
- On the day of Boy’s Festival, why not give the doll, Kakinuma Ningyo to your precious boys?
- How to enjoy the “Chrysanthemum Festival” on September 9th
- Origins of Hanami, the Japanese custom of enjoying beautiful, seasonal flora
- Seasonal customs for June
- Seasonal customs for July
- Customs for August
- Keep your body warm during the winter solstice
- Choose your favorite chocolate from a wide variety during the Valentine’s season in Japan♥
- Customs for September
- What is “Ohigan?” Customary visit to graves that even Japanese people don’t know well?
- Customs for October
- Customs for November
- Customs for December: The busiest month of the year
- Customs for February: Celebrations before the coming of spring
1st January to 7th January, The first visit to a shrine Hatsumode, or the first visit to a shrine, is a custom for new year in Japan. We wish for success in our New Year. People used to visit a shrine at night after the sun sets on New Year’s Eve, but now it’s common for people to visit in the morning after breakfast. In some areas, people visit a shrine and pray exactly when the date changes called, “Ninen-mairi”. Izumo Taisha Shrine Wed, 6th January Xiaohan Xiaohan comes 15 days after the winter solstice. Xiaohan continues until the beginning of spring. Around the 6th of January, Oshogatsu finishes and everybody goes backs to their normal […]Read More
Is this dish too simple for New Year’s festivities? “Nanakusagayu,” a dish from the Edo period. “Nanakusagayu” (rice porridge) is famously known by the Japanese and is one of many New Year’s dishes. Japanese New Year’s dishes usually contain many ingredients, but this porridge only uses 7 fresh young herbs. They are; seri (Japanese parsley), nazuna (shepherd’s purse), gogyo (Jersey cudweed), hakobe (common chickweed), hotoke no za (henbit), suzuna (turnip), and suzushiro (daikon), that are all collectively called the “Seven vernal flowers.” 【Photo by Hidetsugu Tonomura 】 Eat it while praying for good health in the New Year! The custom of eating “Nanakusagayu” on January 7th is an old tradition […]Read More
Have you ever seen the Japanese soccer player Nagatomo bowing after he scored his first goal after joining the Inter Milan soccer team?That scene was uploaded on YouTube and his performance was seen throughout the world. The “bow” is an inseparable manner from the Japanese, because it is one of the many, essential business manners in Japan. An adult who can’t properly bow, will be labeled naive. Although the “bow” is routinely used in Japan, Japanese people who understand it might not know everything about it. In what kind of situations do the Japanese bow? We bow to express salutation, gratitude, apologies, and respect. Nevertheless, we almost never use it […]Read More
Japanese people exchange Nengajo postcards as New Year Greetings, much like Western people sending Christmas cards to each other.Read More
“Toshi-no-ichi Hagoita-ichi,” an end of the year event that presents an array of Tokyo traditional craft items
A major year-end event that is bustling from morning till night The Toshi-no-ichi (Year-end Fair) is held each year from December 16th through 19th at Sensoji Temple in Asakusa, Tokyo. As this is the final fair for the year and offers New Year’s goods and lucky charms, it is also considered to be the busiest fair of the year. The Toshi-no-ichi started in the Edo period. One of the lucky charms that on sale here is the hagoita, or traditional Japanese battledore. Because so many of these are sold, the event is also sometimes referred to as the “Hagoita-ichi” or “Battledore Fair.” Hagoita were once used to play battledore and […]Read More
Make a wish to the stars! Enjoy the Tanabata festival at“Kanda-myojin Shrine”, where the God of matchmaking is enshrined! July 7th
Tanabata is a romantic story from the twinkling night sky. There is a custom in Japan on July 7th, to write down your wish and hang it up on a bamboo leaf. You can see Lyra and Aquila over the Milky Way in the northern hemisphere. The most glittering star in Lyra is Vega. It is the star that rules needlework, so it’s called “Orihime”, or the sewing princess. The Altair star is the brightest in Aquila and is the one that masters farming and is called“Hikoboshi”. Orihime and Hikobosh were in love with each other, but they were split up and only allowed to see each other during Tanabata […]Read More
The picture above is a doll set from a family who has daughters and is on display during Hina Matsuri every year. Hina Matsuri started during the Heian period (about 1000 years ago) and is celebrated on March 3rd (“Joshi” from the luna calendar) of every year. At the time, people made dolls out of paper, soil, and straw hoping that, these dolls are a substitution for their disease and mishaps, and because of this, they set them afloat down a river or out to sea. Also during the Heian period, upper class girls would play with intricately made dolls (Hiina) and the custom of making dolls and Hiina-asobi (playing […]Read More
“Koromo-gae”, or the change of wardrobe for the new season. Have you ever had a school uniform for both the summer, and winter season? Japan experiences a variety of climates throughout the four seasons and we usually have both a summer and a winter wardrobe. On October 1st, people will change their wardrobe, and this custom is called “Koromo-gae”. When I was a student, it felt kind of strange when I changed my uniform to the winter blazer coat, because I wasn’t used to wearing such formal clothing. People will also change to their summer wardrobe on June 1st. “Koromo-gae” is an old tradition that has been passed down since […]Read More
“Obon” is a regular midsummer event for families to welcome and hold a memorial service for the spirits of their ancestors.
During obon, it is extremely crowded anywhere you go in Japan! Every year, for the few days before and after August 15th, it gets very crowded in Japan! This period is the peak of the summer vacation. Trains and tourist resorts overflow with people and not only are hotels and flights expensive, they become fully booked at an early stage. But it is not just a simple summer vacation. This period is called “obon” and it is an important few days for the Japanese. From ancient times, obon has been regarded as a period when the spirits of our ancestors return from the afterlife to spend time with their families, […]Read More
On a cool autumn night, look up to the sky and appreciate the beautiful moon. Autumn is the best season to enjoy the moon at night because the autumn rain clears the air. There is a custom in Japan called “Otsukimi,” in which we must appreciate and pray for a good harvest in September and October. “Otsukimi” is usually held in “Jugoya” (August 15th of lunar calendar) and “Jusanya” (September 13th of lunar calendar). “Jugoya” is also called “Tyushuno-Meigetsu”. Some other countries also have a similar custom, but praying to the moon not only in “Jugoya,” but also in “Jusanya” is customary to Japan. It is said that, praying to […]Read More
New years Eve (Omisoka) has arrived! In Japan we call the last day of the year, December 31st, Omisoka. This day is to rid oneself of negativity and prepare for the New Year. One end of the year custom is eating Toshikoshi Soba Noodles, commonly eaten on the last day of the year. Why, you ask? Eat Toshikoshi Soba Noodles and free yourself from the hardships of the year! There are several reasons. First of all, the noodle is easy to cut, symbolizing the ability to cut off the evil and negativity of the year. Also, the noodle is long and thin, so it signifies living longer and being healthy […]Read More
It’s what kids receive on New Years day for pocket money! In Japan we have a custom called “Otoshidama,” when adults give kids money on New Years day. There is a meaning behind it that says,“Happy New Year”and wishes for good health and happiness in the coming year. It’s a big event for children as they can finally buy some long awaited toys and games or save it for their future. Either way, it will be a good opportunity for them to learn about money. For parents it can be quite expensive because they not only give “Otoshidama” to their kids, but to their relatives children as well. Originally, it […]Read More
“Joya no Kane,” the bells that ring out the old year and purify people’s hearts on the last night of the year
See the old year out with a calm and quiet heart How is everyone going to spend New Year’s eve? Some of you will probably spend it at a countdown party with your friends, having fun all night. In Japan, everybody looks forward to the New Year, but they actually welcome it in a quiet manner. If you have ever spent a New Year’s eve in Japan, you have probably heard the sound of the temple bells ringing in the middle of the night. But do you know the meaning of those bells being rung over and over again? The sound of those bells is called “Joya no Kane,” and […]Read More
"Kakinuma Ningyo" was created in 1950 by 1st-generation doll maker Toko Kakinuma. Manufacturers of Edo Kimekomi hinakazari and boy’s festival dolls.
The current president, Toko Kakinuma (the second) has been recognized by METI (the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry) and the governor of Tokyo as a master traditional craftsman.
After learning about the delicate inlays and special coloring techniques involved in the creation of kimekomi, Mr. Kakinuma continues to strive to improve his techniques and to keep the “Toko Brand” fresh by incorporating current trends and innovative techniques.
It is one of five festivals in Japan. September 9th is also called Choyo-no-sekku or Kiku-no-sekku, because the chrysanthemum, or ‘kiku’ is the seasonal flower on the old Chinese calendar.Read More
Enjoying Cherry Blossoms During this season, Japanese people gather under cherry blossom trees and enjoy the traditional pastime called Hanami. Viewing cherry blossom trees at night is called Yozakura, and during this event, the trees are usually lit up with decorative lanterns or spot lights. The cherry blossom is one of the most loved flowers in Japan. The history of Hanami had a different meaning for the Japanese, and Hanami origins stem from ancient Japan. The sacred tree is for the rice paddy god Japanese are also known as being very agricultural people. During the spring, we can see the farmer who beds out rice-plants in the beautiful terraced paddy […]Read More
Monday June 1st: Koromogae (Seasonal change of clothing) Schools and companies that use uniforms change them to their summer attire. This custom has existed for over 1000 years and people used to change their furnishings as well. On October 1st people change to their winter attire. Wednesday June 10th: Time Day It was designated in 1920 to spread the importance of time among Japanese people. The day was derived from June 10th, 1400 years ago when the first ‘set’ water clock gonged. Thursday June 11th: Nyuubai: Entering the rainy season In Japan, the rainy season is called “Tsuyu” and starts on June 11th and lasts for about a month. The […]Read More
Wed, 1st July: “Yamabiraki” or the opening of a mountain to climbers. This is the first day of the year when people can climb a mountain. It originated from the custom of opening a mountain in the summer for a certain period of time to hold rituals. For Mt. Fuji, the opening ceremony is held at Asama Shrine. Tue, 7th July: Tanabata Tanabata is one of the most important seasonal festivals following Hina Matsuri and Tango no Sekku, or the Boy’s festival. Tanabata is held everywhere in Japan. It’s the day you write down your wishes on a slip of paper and hang it on bamboo leaves. Wed, 15th July: […]Read More
Sat, 1st August: Hassaku This old custom is also called “Ta-no-mi-no-sekku”and its for giving the first ears of rice to those who take care of you. There will be festivals to wish for a successful, large harvest all over Japan. Sat, 8th August: Risshu Risshu (立秋) means “the beginning of autumn”in Japanese. It will be in the middle of summer, but a sense of autumn is said to come from this day. Around 14th August: Obon The ghosts of your ancestors are said to come back to this world around this day to spend some time with your family. Japanese families will return to their parent’s houses and pray for […]Read More
Winter solstice is a day when sun the is reborn. The 22nd of December is the winter solstice. It is the shortest day of the year in Japan, and after this the days become longer, so the sun is said to be reborn on this day. It means that you’ll have good fortune from this day on. Eat the pumpkin and drive off the cold! We have a custom of eating pumpkins on the winter solstice. Pumpkins are said to have good fortune for finance. They are very rich in nutrition, so it drives off any winter illnesses. Since you are less likely to nourish yourself with carotene and vitamins […]Read More
A lot of Japanese people, especially women, are passionate about trying new chocolate. A few weeks before Valentine’s Day, a wide variety of chocolates are offered just about everywhere in Japan. (Why chocolate? The origin and custom of the Japanese Valentine’s day can be found here: this article .) Department stores are a great example of this. Their designer snack areas are full of chocolates, as if they were chocolate museums. Check out Valentine’s Day chocolates, associated with the common food and drink of Japan. Please note that they are all limited editions for this Valentine’s season. 【Green Tea (Matcha)】 “Bon Bon Chocolat” produced by Tsujiri (辻利) Tsujiri’s green tea […]Read More
Tue, 1 September: Disaster drill day This day was established to raise awareness for disasters by learning from the Great Kanto earthquake that occurred on September 1st, 1923. This is the season for typhoons, so this day is aimed at raising anti-disaster consciousness. Tue, 1 September: Nihyakutooka It is the 210th day counting from the day of“Risshu”, or spring. Nihyakutooka is the season when rice plants bloom, but also the season for typhoons. Farmers become very cautious on September 1st. There are ceremonies held all over Japan to calm the winds. Wed, 9 September: Choyo no Sekku It is also called “kiku-no-sekku”. In the ancient China, odd numbers are said […]Read More
Ohigan is a unique custom that developed from Buddhism, yet exists only in Japan. Have you ever heard of the word “Ohigan?” The word is derived from Sanskrit and means “reaching nirvana ,” written as “到彼岸” in Chinese characters for short. It originally meant achieving the perfect state of enlightenment by leaving the worldly world, but the word turned into a custom of, making a visit to graves to hold a memorial service for ancestors that have passed away. Even though it is derived from Buddhism, the custom of making a visit to a grave is only seen in Japan. It is said that the idea was born from the […]Read More
Thursday October 1st: Seasonal change of clothing This custom started around the 8th Century as a nobles custom. seasonal change of clothing. Not only school girls/boys and businessman change their wardrobe, but everyone changes his/her wardrobe for the winter. Thursday October 8th: Cold dew Cold dew comes after the rainy season in autumn during the cold mornings and evenings. Because of this, plants become wet with dew. You’ll have some nice weather during this season, so it’s a good time to change your wardrobe. The fragrant olive smells are so nice, reminding me that autumn has arrived. Mon/Holiday October 12th: Health and Sports Day This day was designated by the […]Read More
Tuesday,3 November: Culture Day This is a national holiday designated as a day to celebrate the proclamation of the Constitution of Japan in 1946. It’s also to spread love and peace and to culturally inform people. There are many art-related events and school festivals held on this day and its known as usually being a sunny on this day. Sunday, 8 November: “Ritto”, or the begging for winter This is the day indicates begging for winter. On this day, you might feel it starting to get colder in the mornings and evenings. The sunlight also feels weaker, and winter is just around the corner. In Japan, the cold wind that […]Read More
We refer to December as “Shiwasu”. In Japan, we usually ‘tie up loose ends’ in the old year to have a more refreshing New Year. We visit people who take care of us, clean house, write Nengajo, and prepare for Shogatsu (New Year). We have so many things to do. We used to invite monks (師) to our homes, making December a very busy month for them. This is why December is called Shiwasu, which literally means, “the monk is running”. ”Shiwasu” Sun, 31 December: Cleaning and Dusting We clean and dust our homes. Many people clean their house at the end of the week during their time off. ”Grand […]Read More
Wed, 3rd February: Setsubun Setsubun is a day that marks the changing of the seasons, and especially marks the day before Risshun, the day when spring begins to draw near. There are many events held in Japan on February 3rd. It is said that demons come out during this season, so people drive them off by throwing roasted beans. During these celebrations, people yell out loud, “Oni-wa-soto, Fuku-wa-uchi,”literally meaning “go away demons and bring good luck.”After that, people throw roasted beans at other people disguised as demons, wearing masks and special ‘demon’ attire. Thurs, 4th February: Risshun Risshun starts on this day and used to be considered New Year’s day, […]Read More