- The history of Hiroshima Castle, as a center for the military
- Learn the samurai culture at the history exhibition through the reproduction of Tenshukaku!
- Find a variety of “fighting holes” at Ninomaru!
The history of Hiroshima Castle, as a center for the military
Hiroshima Castle is said to have been established in 1599. Before that, Takeda governed it for the defense of Aki Province, but was killed by Mouri Motonari during the Sengoku period. After defeating the Sue in the battle of Itsukushima, Hiroshima was governed by Mouri. The Dai-tenshu built by Mouri Terumoto was registered as national treasure in 1931. It was bombed in 1945 and completely destroyed, because Hiroshima Castle was the headquarters for the military. It was even considered the General Imperial Headquarters, the highest organization of the Japanese military at the time.
Learn the samurai culture at the history exhibition through the reproduction of Tenshukaku!
Even though it was destroyed, the castle ruins were designated as a historic area in 1953. That opportunity fostered the rebuilding of the castle, and it’s exterior was reproduced in 1958. In 1989 when the castle became 400 years old, the interior was also rebuilt as a history museum with a samurai culture theme. You can learn about the long history of samurai culture that thrived in Hiroshima. Both the model of Hiroshima castle and the booth where you can try on old Samurai clothing are popular. The more you know about Hiroshima Castle, the more it becomes fun. There are lots of English books about Hiroshima Castle, so please read some in advance, so that you can enjoy it a little more.
Find a variety of “fighting holes” at Ninomaru!
You’ll notice some square or triangular fighting holes in Ninomaru. These are called Sama or Arrow slit, and are used to to attack the enemy with firearms and bow and arrows. The outer fighting hole is small to divert the enemy’s attack. It’s fun to get to know the military strategy of the time. If you look at the outside from a fighting hole, you can see the same scenery the soldiers saw of Hiroshima as the time.
21-1Motomachi, Naka Ward, Hiroshima, Hiroshima Prefecture 730-0011