Rikugien: Experiencing History and Tradition under the Autumn Leaves

Rikugien is one of nine Tokyo Metropolitan Cultural Heritage Gardens and one of the most popular spots in the city to enjoy Japan’s famed autumn colors. Immaculately manicured landscapes, rolling hills, brilliant nighttime lighting, and a deep historical significance make this garden an irresistible fall destination for travelers and locals alike.

2020-01-20   Visit: Parks & Nature, Tokyo,

A snapshot of the Edo period

Rikugien was established in 1702 and features unique landscaping that changes significantly as guests stroll along the garden’s narrow winding paths. An hour-long loop of the garden is meant to evoke the sensation of undertaking a grand journey from the mountains to the sea, all within the convenient confines of Tokyo proper.

Don’t miss the bamboo grove on the west side of the garden.

Rikugien was also designed to depict 88 scenes from classic Chinese poetry. These scenic viewpoints are marked with stone pillars, 32 of which still exist to this day. Unfortunately, the garden fell into neglect as years and decades passed. It was finally restored in the Meiji era (1868 -1912) by none other than Yataro Iwasaki, the founder of Mitsubishi. The Iwasaki family donated Rikugien to the city of Tokyo in 1938, and the park finally earned its esteemed designation as a Special Place of Scenic Beauty in 1953.

An egret foraging for food as viewed from Takimi-chaya (teahouse).

Rikugien is also known for its historic, traditional teahouses including Takimi-chaya and Tsutsuji-chaya. The latter was constructed in the Meiji-era and is famous for surviving the devastation wrought by war, earthquakes, and fires that ravaged Tokyo throughout modern history.

Tsutsuji-chaya (teahouse)

The present day brings a touch of consumerism to the garden, and there are several places for visitors to enjoy a cup of warm green tea and a light snack while gazing upon the garden’s dynamic yet tranquil landscape.

The Shinsen-tei teahouse is the perfect place to kick back and take in the beauty of Rikugien.

A canopy of color

Rikugien is consistently ranked as one of Tokyo’s top spots for appreciating the gold and crimson leaves that define autumn in Japan. However, this fame has taken a toll on the experience, as Rikugien draws large crowds, even on weekdays, when fall colors are at their peak. Since the strolling garden is a curated experience, visitors are limited to following the narrow paths that cut through its dynamic landscape. It can be difficult to be present and take in the garden’s splendor when half of your consciousness is distracted by throngs of people and the din of synthetic shutter sounds constantly emitted from ubiquitous smartphone cameras.

Still, if you spend enough time exploring the park, you’ll eventually be able to find spots of silent tranquility. And, if you don’t mind the chill of early December nights, don’t miss the rare opportunity to enjoy the autumn leaves as they bask in the glow of carefully placed lights.

Photo credit: Wikimedia Commons

For those who love history and tradition

Fans of history, tradition, and Edo-style gardens will appreciate Rikugien, regardless of the crowds. The fact that you can experience an exquisitely designed garden mere minutes from a Yamanote-line train station (Komagome) makes it the perfect opportunity for Tokyo travelers with tight itineraries.

If, however, you prefer a more free-roaming autumn experience, you may want to consider one of Tokyo’s larger parks such as Shinjuku Gyoen or head out of the city for some hiking in the mountain forests of Okutama.

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Writer / Translator

Originally from Riverside, California, I've been living, working, and writing in Japan since 2009. Japan has become my second home, and I'm especially fond of Shinjuku, Tokyo. That being said, I also love getting out into the countryside and exploring the entire country. Through Tadaima Japan, I hope to share the wonders of Japan with a wider, international audience. Check out my articles if you enjoy exploring on foot, convenient cafes, and affordable dining.


Address 6-13-3 Hon-Komagome, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo
Hours 9 a.m. – 5 p.m.
Price 300 yen (see website for additional pricing options)
Close Dec. 29 – Jan. 1
Access Seven-minute walk from JR Komagome Station or two-minute walk from Sengoku Station (Toei Mita Line)
Phone 03-3941-2222
Language Japanese
Website https://www.tokyo-park.or.jp/teien/en/rikugien/index.html